In my neighbourhood, the council depleted nearly £ 4.6 million on electricity for street lighting per year. Switching to part night lighting will evidently reclaim roughly £1 million per year and in addition decrease the carbon discharges by over 8,000 tonnes per year. This will as well add to decreased light pollution.
Part night lighting has been in force in Maldon and Uttlesford since early 2007, where street lights are switched off between 12 midnight and 5am, with a few exceptions such as town centres, key road junctions and accident assemblage sites, and apparently this has not resulted in an expansion in listed crime or road crashes in the two districts. Certain areas meeting the exclusion criteria will continue to be illuminated through the night, such as sites where there are a lot of conflicting traffic movements, such as roundabouts, which are on vital roads, usually those illuminated by pillars bigger than 6m high.
Localities where street lights are set up as a consequence of accident remedial measures, and Town Centre areas where there is one or more of the following features, such as, publicly maintained CCTV, a high proportion of high security premises, such as banks, or jewellers, areas of high crime risk, a high assembly of people at night such as transport intersections, or nightclubs etc, central approaches to town centre areas where there is a blend of development separating residential and commercial/industrial, but not solely home-owning, sections where the police can show that there is probably an expansion in crime if the lights are turned off during part of the night, or that there will be an abatement in crime if the lights are turned back on, where there is a legal demand to provide lighting, and lighting for road signs, traffic bollards etc., will not be affected.
There are a lot of advantages to street lighting. It can be put to use to help protection in town neighborhoods and to lengthen the quality of life by artificially extending the hours in which it is light so that activity can take place.
Street lighting as well improves safekeeping for motorists, cyclists, and the foot-traveller. Driving outside of daytime hours is increasingly hazardous, just a quarter of all excursions by car drivers is inside the hours of 7pm and 8am, nevertheless, this period record for 40% of fatal and grave traumas to the same group.
Foot-travellers and unprotected road users suffer from diminished range of vision in the dark too. For this reason, ways of reducing the danger to all road users during the hours of dark must be attained.
A recent study by the Department for Transport found that road safety was observed as an essential advantage for street lighting improvement. In the investigation, 73% of respondents concurred that better street lighting would enhance the safety of children, and 63.8% agreed that enhanced street lighting would lead to fewer mishaps on the roads.
As well as the public understanding that better lighting enhances safety, investigation that collates the nature of road lighting to accident reduction, discovered that it enhances safety. The most extensive investigation of street lighting to date was conducted by the Cochrane Collaboration which performed a well-organized revision of the literature and discovered 17 studies on the introduction of street lighting.
The author’s judgment of investigating the studies was street lighting can avert road traffic accidents, traumas and casualties. Nevertheless, additional well designed investigations are needed in order to ascertain the effectiveness of street lighting in the middle and low-income countries.
The presence of lighting not just decreases the danger of traffic accidents, but in addition their severity. Studies have displayed that the citizens are in support of street lighting as a way of showing improvement on road safety and that, if anything, it is required to be improved in a few areas.
There are financial and environmental intentions why some organisations may want to reduce the volume of lighting. Nevertheless there are safety reasons why lighting has to be accessible.
In a few areas, a decrease in lighting quality may not increase the danger of an accident. Yet, there is a danger that an unconsidered removal or reduction in quality could in fact increase accidents and their severity.
Consequently, when contemplating removal or dimming of lights, location based traffic and accident proof should be evaluated. Accident rates should be respected to warrant that sacrificing the condition of lighting does not excessively extend the risk.
Increases in risk may eventually lead to lives being dropped. In some locations, a reduction in lighting quality may not increase the risk of an accident.
However, there is a risk that an unconsidered removal or reduction in quality could actually increase accidents and their severity. Therefore, when considering removal or dimming of lights, location based traffic and accident evidence should be assessed.
Accident rates should be controlled to ensure that sacrificing the quality of lighting does not unduly increase the risk. Increases in risk may ultimately lead to lives being dropped.
Nevertheless, there is no constitutional demand for councils in the United Kingdom to furnish civic lighting. The constitution says that the Highways Act permits councils to illuminate roadways but does not dispose an obligation on them to do so.
The council has an obligation of supervision to road users and has a commitment to light obstacles on the highway. The council has an obligation under the Highways Act to guarantee the safety of the highway, and this includes any lighting material located on the highway.
The Electricity at Work Regulations imposes a duty on owners and operatives of electrical equipment to guarantee its safety. One of the aims of the part-night lighting is to decrease the long term perils of energy price increments and economic penalties from carbon burning.
To reach this end, the number of lights that can safely be part night lit needs to be increased. Each road will be evaluated against the criteria using the information provided by the road safety team and community safety team prior to any lights being turned off.
Street lights at primary roundabouts and junctions, at pedestrian crossings, traffic lights, speed bumps or chicanes which are required to ensure road safety will not be turned off. It’s as well important to bear in mind that only a tiny number of lights, one per cent of the total number of lights in the county will be turned off permanently.
The vast majority of lights will only be turned off from about midnight, when nearly all drivers are not on the road, to about 5.30am, before the morning rush starts, and if a street light is turned off on the highway it will still need to be regularly examined to guarantee its structural safety, and electrical safety if the service cable is retained in the lighting pillar.
A number of people have inquired as to for what cause? Lights cannot be dimmed, and evidently it would be too costly for the lights to be dimmed at night, and not all lights can be dimmed, and that they can only get an adequate savings and return on their investment from the most powerful lights, and they are dimming those on new or refurbished installations. They will not be dimming less powerful lights because the dimmer units might require replacing prior to being compensated for themselves in terms of decreased electricity expenses.
Lights in home-owning areas where cars are liable to be parked on the road during the night are simply being turned off between midnight and 5:30am when traffic flows are likely to be exceedingly low. Vehicle speeds are as well likely to be minimal as these areas have a 30 mph speed limit and speeds are as well reduced by speed bumps, the confinement of the road and the presence of parked cars.
In view of the extremely low traffic volumes and low speed of transportation, the hazards of accidents are looked upon as minute. Nevertheless, if you are parking your vehicle during the night on the road, you do have an accountability to park in a way to assure other road users can see your vehicle.
It does not specify however the use of emergency services on the roads late at night in unlighted areas, and how harmful it can be for the emergency services, and to the masses who are in need of medical attention in the middle of the night. This is not making their situations any easier when they are racing to get to defenseless people in need of help, in the instances where somebody might be having a heart attack, a life threatening situation that requires critical medical attention, and is not because the ambulance service is consuming more time attempting to locate a dwelling in the dark, when they could be with the patient, and rushing them to the hospital before they die.
I myself have been in a comparable condition not so long ago when I had to ring (up) 999 for an ambulance, and it took them an extra 10 minutes to locate my home. I found myself in agonizing pain, and my heart was running a race at 210 beats a minute.
I have experienced problems with my heart all my life, so I have to call on emergency services when it becomes defective, and have to be taken to the hospital. Plainly no thought has gone into what occurs when emergency services need to be called upon, not just for an ambulance, but it could be for the police, or even the fire department.
In the case of a fire, by the time the fire department has reached a blazing residence, and have determined where the fire is. Lives could have been taken.
Without doubt lives are a lesser consequence than money, but surely you don’t need a qualification to recognize that a life is more important than money could ever be, because once a life has come to an end it can never be recovered, whereas money can without exception be regained. As for carbon emissions, every time we burn fossil fuels such as gas, coal or oil, carbon dioxide is delivered into the air.
In a normal carbon cycle, carbon dioxide is re-absorbed by plants and trees. Nevertheless, we are burning fuels where the carbon dioxide has been trapped under the earth’s surface for millions of years, and we’re doing it so swiftly that plants and trees that are living now have no chance of being saturated, and it doesn’t help that we’re cutting down rainforests as well.
The force of all this additional carbon dioxide in the air is that the overall temperature of the planet is expanding, what we call global warming. Whilst the normal global temperature is expanding, on a day-to-day level the climate is altering in variable ways, from floods and hurricanes to heat waves and dry seasons.
To attempt and decrease the danger of ever more radical weather, we must lessen to diminish how much fossil fuel we are burning, and this isn’t simple. However, one council in Basildon, Essex wants to stop the County Hall’s late-night blackout by installing its own LED lamps on streetlights.
John Dornan, councillor responsible for the environment, has told officers to look at examining how they could pay out for the stratagem themselves. Installing energy-efficient LED lights would significantly cut down County Hall’s electrical bill.
However, under the plans Essex County Council would however foot that bill. Transport chiefs at County Hall responded adversely when the scheme was originally ask questions.
Mr Dornan has directed consultations on the streetlights with County Hall, and since the lights have gone out, this is increasing partial adherence and there have been an awful number of push backs from tenants. The lights went out from midnight to 5am on the majority of streets in Basildon last month following Essex County Council pressed through the propositions, in spite of anger from apprehensive tenants.
Basildon Council would pay for the energy-efficient bulbs using a one-off capital payment, with LEDs created to decrease energy bills, which then County Hall would pick up. It is considered about 60 to 70 per cent could be cut off local authority energy bills by putting in the lamps.
More and more councils, including Southend, have elected to put in the lamps to free cash sooner than roll-out a schedule of switch offs. County Hall will free roughly about £222,000 a year by turning off the lamps in Basildon, but Mr Dornan stated that the cost would again be drastically diminished with LED bulbs, which as well have a lengthier lifespan compared to conventional lights.
Mr Dornan said further: “To me it is a win-win situation, as tenants get their lights back on and county make savings, even if over an extended period.”
He insisted the authority could draw money out of its £24 million of savings, or accept the loan of the cash. In Southend, the Tory administration has consumed £2.65million installing the modern bulbs, in a five a year rotating programme.
Essex County Council declined to state why it had originally turned down Basildon Council’s proposal.
The removal of street lighting can only indicate that there will surely be a stirring of robberies in nearly all neighborhoods, which will become more sizable as time permits, and as well a chain of other offenses, and I am enraged how human lives are put behind economic gain, to obtain as much capital as they can.
You don’t need a certificate in diplomacy to recognize that this is so off balance, and that the only goal here is merely MONEY.
Human life was not at any time part of this compromise…